(Cornelian Cherry) An ornamental species, native to Central and Southern Europe, Cornus mas is easy to grow with clusters of pretty, golden-yellow flowers in early spring followed by colourful red fruit later in the year.
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An ornamental species, native to Central and Southern Europe, Cornus mas is easy to grow with clusters of pretty, golden-yellow flowers in early spring followed by colourful red fruit later in the year. On an established plant, these flowers appear nearly like a golden mist or halo around the branches. Cool green leaves appear after flowering and last until they fall in autumn.
Hardy and reliable, Cornus mas will grow in some shade but you will find it flowers better in a position with full sun.
- Position: Full sun or partial shade.
- Soil: Fertile, moist soil.
- Hardiness: Hardy
- Flowering Period: February.
- Flower Colour: Golden-yellow
- Rate of Growth: Moderate.
- Habit: Large, branching shrub.
- Height: 5 m (16 ft).
- Spread: 5 m (16 ft).
Despite the common name this small tree is actually a dogwood and isn't remotely related to cherries. It bears astringent, cherry-like fruits in midsummer which, when fully ripened, are used for making jam or a delicious sauce similar to cranberry sauce. It is also used in Armenia for distilling vodka!
There are several named cultivars grown either for their ornamental merits or fruit production. A dye is produced from the bark and tannins are produced from the leaves. Interestingly, the wood is denser than water and doesn't float.
Extract from an information poster in our arboretum
- How Much Sun
- Full Sun, Partial or Dappled Shade
- Eventual Size
- Shrub - Large (over 10 ft tall)
- Growing Conditions
- Soil Type: Acid, Soil Type: Chalky / Alkaline, Soil Type: Most Soils (not to fussy), Special: Coastal Areas
- Special Features
- Flowering Season - Winter (December - February), Good for Wildlife (Birds)
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