Gymnocladus dioica - in September
  • Gymnocladus dioica - in September
  • Gymnocladus dioica - mature tree
  • Gymnocladus dioica - close up of autumn colour
  • Gymnocladus dioica


Gymnocladus dioica


(Kentucky Coffee Tree) Gymnocladus dioica is a hardy, rare and very handsome, small to medium sized tree with huge pinnate (feather-like) leaves and golden yellow autumn colour.

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One of the most elegant of all hardy trees, Gymnocladus dioica has large, pink tinted young leaves (80 - 100 cm long), turning green as they age and glorious shades of yellow in autumn before falling. New branches have a ghostly white bloom in winter.

Although having greenish-white flowers, this tree rarely flowers in the United Kingdom as we generally do not have hot enough summers. A striking ornamental tree suitable for most gardens and woodland areas.

  • Position: Full sun or light, dappled shade.
  • Soil: Any reasonably well drained, fertile soil. Gymnocladus dioica is tolerant of dry soil conditions.
  • Hardiness: Very hardy, but will produce better quality leaves with a little shelter from severe winds.
  • Flowering Period: June.
  • Flower Colour: Greenish-white
  • Rate of Growth: Slow.
  • Habit: Gymnocladus dioica grows to be a small elegantly branching tree.
    • Height: up to 10 m (32 ft)
    • Spread: 8 m (26 ft)
  • Notes: If planted in a hot area where it will flower, this plant can produce handsome seed pods although both a female and a male plant are required as Gymnocladus are not self-fertile.
16 Items

Data sheet

How Much Sun
Full Sun
Eventual Size
Tree - Small, Tree - Medium
Growing Conditions
Soil Type: Dry / Sandy, Soil Type: Not Fussy
Special Features
Autumn Colour, Honey Fungus Resistant, Habit - Architectural, Rare and Unusual, Foliage - Unusual Shape

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